Which layer of the criminal justice wedding cake is the largest?
What layer of criminal justice is the wedding cake?
The top ‘ layer ‘ of the ‘ wedding cake ‘ includes ‘celebrated cases’; the second and third ‘ layer ‘ are comprised of two general categories of felonies; the fourth ‘ layer ‘ consists primarily of misdemeanors, minor theft cases, and crimes against persons or property.
What type of case is at the top of the criminal justice Wedding Cake quizlet?
The first layer of the wedding cake model is celebrated cases . These type of cases gain mass media attention, like with the OJ Simpson or Michael Jackson trials.
How does the wedding cake model illustrate how cases are processed by the criminal justice system?
The wedding cake model of criminal justice is a model of the criminal justice process whereby a four-tiered hierarchy exists, with a few celebrated cases at the top, and lower tiers increasing in size as the severity of cases become less (serious felonies, felonies, and misdemeanors).
What are considered serious felonies?
Felonies are the most serious type of crime and are often classified by degrees, with a first degree felony being the most serious . They include terrorism, treason, arson, murder, rape, robbery, burglary, and kidnapping, among others. What is an Infraction? Infractions are the least serious type of crime.
Why is the criminal justice wedding cake more realistic than a linear model depicting the criminal justice system?
Why is the criminal justice wedding cake model more realistic than a linear model depicting the criminal justice system ? Because the wedding – cake model can show differences in treating various cases depending on specific factors of each situation, such a seriousness of the charge or a defendant’s resources.
What are less serious felonies?
A misdemeanor is a less serious crime than a felony. Felonies are the most serious crimes you can commit and have long jail or prison sentences, fines, or permanent loss of freedoms. Misdemeanors usually involve jail time, smaller fines, and temporary punishments.
Which offenses would be placed on the second layer of the wedding cake model of justice?
Which offenses would be placed on the second layer of the wedding cake model of justice ? Robberies involving large amounts of money taken by a weapon-wielding criminal.
What are the three major components of the criminal justice system?
And the individuals responsible for enforcing that rule of law are the dedicated members of that system. At the core, there are three basic parts of our criminal justice system: law enforcement , courts, and corrections . Law Enforcement . Courts. Corrections .
What factors account for crime rate trends?
Factors typically present in jurisdictions where crime rates are high include poverty levels, job availability, police policy and the average age of the population .
What are the different types of crime that are used to measure crime statistics?
The Uniform Crime Report (UCR), launched in 1929, collects information reported to law enforcement agencies on the following crimes : murder and non-negligent homicide , rape , robbery, aggravated assault, human trafficking, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.
How do arrests made by the police impact the criminal court process?
Arrests made by the police impact the criminal court process in 2 ways: (1) if the police fail to gather enough evidence, it will be difficult of the police to gain a conviction, and (2) the increase in the # of arrests has swollen the dockets of the courts .
What is the crime control model?
The crime – control model emphasizes the standardized, expeditious processing of defendants through the court system and the uniform punishment of offenders according to the severity of their crimes . Under this model , arrest and prosecution tend to imply guilt.
What is the criminal justice funnel?
A crime funnel is a succinct way to display the likelihood that the commission of a crime will result in an arrest, a felony conviction, incarceration (in a local jail or state prison), and imprisonment.
What does lifestyle theory posit about victimization?
Lifestyle exposure theory posits that persons with certain demographic profiles are more prone to experience criminal victimization because their lifestyles expose risky situations. Lifestyles are important because they increase the exposure to would -be offenders without effective restrains that can prevent a crime.